During a NATO conference in Madrid, Prime Minister Boris Johnson a Madrid that the United Kingdom will send an additional one billion pounds (or 1.2 billion USD or 1.16 billion EUR) in military assistance to Ukraine.
The newly acquired funds will purchase various equipment, such as air defense systems, unmanned aerial vehicles, and modern electronic warfare machinery.
Since the beginning of the conflict in Ukraine, the United Kingdom has provided a total of 3.8 billion pounds in aid to the country, according to the Polish national news agency Polskie Radio.
The United Kingdom is the second-largest supplier of ground forces support to Ukraine, behind only the US. Additionally, the report said that the United Kingdom is one of nine NATO members that meet the alliance’s aim of spending 2 percent of GDP on defense.
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Here’s what you need to know about some of the weapons Ukraine got from the UK:
On June 6, the Defense Secretary for the United Kingdom, Ben Wallace, revealed that Ukraine would be receiving M270 multiple-launch rocket launchers along with M31A1 precision munitions. According to the administration, the training, including how to operate the weapons, would take place in the United Kingdom with the Ukrainian military. However, there has been no official announcement concerning the number of long-range rockets that will be provided.
Meanwhile, Jack Watling of the Royal United Services Institute (Rusi) said that these weapons are the kinds of systems that Ukraine urgently needs, “They allow the Ukrainians to out-range a lot of the Russian artillery systems and also to strike with precision,” he said.
Given that their targeting system is networked they can also be widely dispersed against counterattack by Russian planes or missiles.
More than 5,000 next-generation light anti-tank weapons, often known as NLAW, have been supplied to Ukraine by the United Kingdom. NLAWs are built to destroy tankers with a single shot from proximity.
It is vital for Ukraine’s military forces, which currently need firearms that the warheads are portable and easy to operate. Less than one day is all that is required to instruct a soldier in their use.
The NLAW is a lightweight weapon shot from the shoulder and has good mobility. This allows the operator to convey a rifle in addition to the NLAW. The launcher has a base weight of about 27.5 pounds and is simple to use.
It fires a high-explosive anti-tank missile with a 150 mm caliber that is remarkably strong. The NLAW has an effective range of 20 meters to 400 meters for stationary targets and up to 800 meters for stationary vehicles when it comes to destroying tanks and other vehicles.
So far in this conflict, not a single Russian tank model has proven resistant to even older anti-tank guided missile systems like the NLAW and Javelin.
The United Kingdom’s Ministry of Defense has stated that it will provide “dozens” of heavy load unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) systems or drones to isolated military officers to provide operational assistance. Analysts believe that UAVs have the potential to be highly useful in delivering supplies to front-line fighters over the “last mile,” specifically in circumstances when there is a likelihood of being besieged or under the prospect of aerial bombardment from Russian forces, media reports said.
“Every time you can use a drone instead of a soldier to get supplies forward is one less time someone is exposed to extreme danger,” said Justin Bronk.
The Mallory heavy-lift supply drones are meant to bolster Ukraine’s prowess to swiftly replenish troops involved in the fighting while simultaneously lowering the jeopardy of losing personnel or more high-cost types of machinery when compared to the use of conventional vehicles. The customized unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) have a maximum flight range of 70 kilometers and can haul up to 65 kilograms.
It added that in trials conducted by the Royal Fleet Auxiliary in the previous year, both of these vessels, as well as a variant with an even greater weight capability, were utilized to support UK ships that are currently provided with provisions by helicopter transport, which is more expensive. The Malloy’s vessel has also been used by other branches of the country’s armed forces to transport critical supplies, such as blood products for transfusions to heal injured troops, in actual warfare conditions. It has also been used to retrieve sailors who have fallen adrift.
Air defense system
Britain has reported that it has also given five air defense systems, one of which has Starstreak missiles.
The Starstreak was developed to shoot down airplanes at a close distance when flying low. It does not consider defenses like “flares and chaff” that are delivered by a variety of warplanes, a media report revealed.
One of the most notable aspects of this system is the lightning-fast velocity of the missiles it fires. According to the company that manufactured it, Thales, the missile is composed of three tungsten darts that travel at speeds greater than Mach 3. or more than 3,700 km per hour.